Voir la version complète : Les manifestations en Algérie inquiètent l’Arabie Saoudite et les Emirates Arabes Unis

06/04/2019, 22h45
Riyadh et les Emirates ont peur que la révolte algérienne se propage vers les autres pays arabes. Ils veulent que l’état profond en Algérie (l'armée, l'appareil de sécurité et le monde des affaires) reste au pouvoir. L'Arabie saoudite a déjà soutenue l'armée algérienne en 1992, avec une aide financière et un encourageant des Etats-Unis. Elle essayera probablement de faire de même avec Gaid Salah pour l’aider à maintenir son emprise sur le pays, notamment depuis le départ de Bouteflika.

Algeria’s Unrest Unsettles the Saudi/UAE-led Bloc

In 2011, there was much optimism in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) that the so-called Arab Spring revolts would make the region more democratic. Yet over the past eight years, the MENA region has become increasingly authoritarian. This year, Egypt’s head of state is essentially securing his presidency for life while Sudan cracks down on protestors, Gulf monarchies grew more autocratic, and the Arab world is basically accepting Syria’s regime back into the regional diplomatic fold. The idea that the Arab Spring is “dead” provides a sense of comfort to the Gulf leaders who shuddered at the earlier wave of revolutionary activism.

Officials in Riyadh and other Gulf capitals are determined to prevent a repeat of 2011. The crackdown on dissenters and oppositionists (both Islamist and secular) in these counter-revolutionary countries since 2011 has been especially harsh. But the leaders of the Saudi/United Arab Emirates (UAE)-led bloc of “counter-revolutionary” states have done much more than tighten their grip at home. In the words of Marc Lynch, this anti-revolutionary bloc has “rewired the entire region trying to prevent another Arab Spring.” So, for instance, Riyadh and Abu Dhabi provided diplomatic, economic, and military support for Bahrain’s Al Khalifa rulers in 2011, bankrolled the Egyptian coup of 2013, sponsored Libya’s General Khalifa Haftar, and blockaded the only “pro-Arab Spring state” in the Gulf, Qatar.

Nonetheless, street demonstrations across Algeria and Sudan throughout late 2018/2019 suggest that the Arab Spring is not dead. The leadership in Saudi Arabia and other “pro-status quo states” in the Arab world fear that bottom-up change in Algeria and Sudan could spread across international borders. Bruce Riedel argues that Saudi officials observing events in Algeria “are worried about the implications of an increasingly incapacitated, elderly leader being ousted by popular demonstrations and demands for a more open political system—both anathemas to the Saudi absolute monarchy.” Recent protests in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia also inform this view that “the Arab street is regaining its voice” in 2019.

The leadership in Riyadh is likely hoping that Algeria’s “deep state” (the Algerian military, security apparatus, and business tycoons) remains in power in the Maghrebi country. Just as Saudi Arabia backed Algeria’s military in 1992—with financial aid and by encouraging George H.W. Bush to follow suit—the leadership in Riyadh will likely attempt to help the Algerian authorities maintain their grip over the country, particularly in the wake of Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s recently announced resignation.

Yet with perpetually low oil prices, a costly war in Yemen, and its own ambitious economic reform program, Riyadh may not have sufficient funds to help Algeria’s leaders maintain power, particularly on top of financial obligations to Egypt and other Arab states. Moreover, Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman (MbS) has a reputational problem in Algeria. Protestors demonstrated against his visit to the country last year, and the Algerian president also snubbed him by canceling their meeting. It’s unclear whether Riyadh can convince the Trump administration to back Algeria’s army.

The worst-case scenario in Algeria from Saudi Arabia’s perspective would be an anti-status-quo political order emerging in Algiers. Riyadh fears an Islamist ascendancy in Algeria, similar to Egypt in 2011/2012, particularly against the backdrop of anger on the Arab street resulting from Arab states’ warming up to Israel. In February, Abdul Razzaq Muqri, head of Algeria’s Muslim Brotherhood-aligned party, the Movement for a Society of Peace, attacked Riyadh and Abu Dhabi for allegedly supporting Trump’s “Deal of the Century.” He declared that “Saudi Arabia is exploiting its influence and connections to enforce the Deal of the Century and normalize relations with the Zionist entity, while the UAE is concocting the scheme with the occupation state to concretize such [a] plot.” In a grander geopolitical context, officials in Riyadh as well as Abu Dhabi are nervous about Algerian Islamists on friendly terms with Qatar and Turkey shaping the country’s post-Bouteflika era and further distancing Algeria from the kingdom’s influence.

At the Arab League summit held last month in Tunis, there was much consensus in discussions about Algeria and Sudan’s deepening crises. But even as they band together to collectively oppress the will of their citizens, while ignoring the need for reforms that can address underlying grievances, these authoritarian governments are not laying the foundations for long-term stability. If the basic needs of a population are not met and the public is not satisfied with government services, civic anger will inevitably boil over in resistance to authorities, no matter how oppressively they govern.

What happens next in Algeria, where ordinary citizens are banding together against military, business, and political elites, will matter heavily for the future of the region. Ultimately, most authoritarian regimes in the Arab world appear to have learned the wrong lessons from the events of 2011 and now believe that only more repression can bring stability to unstable corners of the region. Algeria’s ruling elite embraces such thinking at its own peril.

By Giorgio Cafiero

Giorgio Cafiero is the CEO and founder of Gulf State Analytics, a Washington, DC-based geopolitical risk consultancy. In addition to LobeLog, he also writes for The National Interest, Middle East Institute, and Al Monitor. From 2014-2015, Cafiero was an analyst at Kroll, an investigative due diligence consultancy. He received an M.A. in International Relations from the University of San Diego.

06/04/2019, 23h16
Al Khartoum (Soudan) ce soir



06/04/2019, 23h20
L'Arabie saoudite a déjà soutenue l'armée algérienne en 1992, avec une aide financière et un encourageant des Etats-Unis.

pourtant goulnalkoum ....wa el yawm youchbih el bari7a ...!

06/04/2019, 23h30

06/04/2019, 23h40
On récolte ce que l'on sème.

07/04/2019, 00h23
Vivement des manifs à la Mecque, Riad et Medine pour virer les criminels qui les gouvernent

07/04/2019, 00h41
Que ces beni kelboun reste loin de l'Algérie et du Maghreb que le peuple algérien soit souverain et en tant que Marocain j'en suis fier de vous, je me suis exprimé une seule fois sur ce sujet et cette révolution avec fierté et je dis à mes soeurs et frères algériens continuer vous donnez une leçon au monde mais faites attention, les vautours rodent toujours, ne vous faite pas spolier votre magnifique revendication.
De tout coeur avec vous.

07/04/2019, 00h47
L'Arabie saoudite a déjà soutenue l'armée algérienne en 1992, avec une aide financière et un encourageant des Etats-Unis.*

Persone n a soutenu l Algerie en 1992. L Algerie a ete mise sous embargo par les US par les francais et par tous le monde et cela pas seulment dans le domaine securitair mais meme dans les domains economique et diplomatique. Les entreprises internationales avaient quite l Algerie, beaucoups de representations diplomatiques avaient ferme leurs ambassades. Le Maroc avait chasse les algeriens apres un attentat a Meracech execute par des marocains mais attribue par le makhzen aux algeriens auquels ils avaient impose le visa sans consulter les autorites algeriennes. Les algeriens se sont debrouiller tout seul avec leurs terrorisme dans les annes 90 persone ne les a soutenu, ni l arabie saudite, ni les US ni les europens et encore moins les arabes.

07/04/2019, 00h50
C'est le réveil des peuples ,inchallah toute l'Afrique et le monde arabe ,tous les peuples opprimés et spoliés de leurs biens et leurs libertés .......
Les dictateurs out !
Les néo-colonisateurs out !

07/04/2019, 00h57
Les séoudiens ne travaillent pas: Ils sous-traitent. Dans leur confort ils n'ont aucune envie de changements

07/04/2019, 01h00
Réponse des manifestants á l’ingérence des Émirates




14/04/2019, 12h38
Réponse des manifestants á l’ingérence des Émirates

l’Arabie Saoudite et les Emirates Arabes Unis

hé hé hé hé

les adepte de la main étrangère

Que ces beni kelboun reste loin de l'Algérie
déja ils sont très loin géographiquement , a part les pervers ,islamisteet pros sioniste
l'attention et la vigilence qu'il faut faire c'est d’éloigner les marocains, trop prés géographiquement et plus khaliji que les khaliji et plus sioniste que les israéliens
avec tout les liens, politique, économique,familiale, culturel, sportif, religieux,, lié a la fois avec les khaliji et egalement israelien et les reseaux sioniste dans le monde et nottament les ervices secret israelien mossade et bien d'autre services secret occidentaux